One of the snares set and used by poachers who snared a tiger back in 2009, in the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Malaysia.

KUCHING: A snaring crisis is decimating wildlife in Southeast Asia and increasing the risk of zoonotic disease transmission to humans, according to a new report from World Wildlife Foundation (WWF).

In a statement, an estimated 12.3 million snares threatened wildlife in the protected areas of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, a group of countries at the centre of the regional snaring crisis, according to the report “Silence of the Snares: Southeast Asia’s Snaring Crisis”.

These rudimentary traps, often made from wire or cable, increase close contact between humans and wildlife and the likelihood of zoonotic disease spillover.

In fact, researchers have identified many of the animals targeted by snaring, including wild pigs, palm civets, and pangolins, as among the highest risk for zoonotic disease transmission.

“These species don’t stand a chance unless Southeast Asian governments urgently tackle the snaring crisis,” said WWF Tigers Alive Initiative lead Stuart Chapman.

“Snares are also the principal threat to tigers in the region, and a major contributor to the fact they are now presumed extinct in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Without strong action, a snaring driven extinction wave could break across Asia.”

Besides that, driven in large part by the demand in urban areas for wildlife meat, often seen as a delicacy, the snares impact more than 700 of the region’s terrestrial mammal species, including some of the region’s most threatened species, such as the Asian elephant, tiger, saola, and banteng.

Snares indiscriminately kill and maim as animals can sometimes languish for days or weeks before dying from their injuries, and in the rare case an animal escapes, it will often later die from injury or infection.

One of Southeast Asia’s most important remaining tiger landscapes, Belum-Temengor in Malaysia, experienced a 50 per cent decline in tiger numbers from 2009-2018 largely due to widespread snaring.

WWF Malaysia executive director/chief executive officer Sophia Lim said that simply removing snares was not enough.

“Governments in Southeast Asia must improve national law enforcement and strengthen legislation to act as an effective deterrent against snaring, as well as engaging indigenous peoples and local communities as partners to stop this threat.”

Not only that, urgent action is also needed to address this threat to wildlife, ecosystems and public health.

Therefore, governments must also prevent the purchase, sale, transport and consumption of wildlife species, which are of high risk for zoonotic disease transmission, including most of the ungulates and carnivores that are major targets for snaring.

“For these measures to be successful, the region will also need to invest more in the management of its protected areas,” the statement added.