Protesters walk along a street during a rally in Hong Kong on August 18, 2019, in the latest opposition to a planned extradition law that has since morphed into a wider call for democratic rights in the semi-autonomous city. - Hong Kong democracy activists gathered August 18 for a major rally to show the city's leaders their protest movement still attracts wide public support despite mounting violence and increasingly stark warnings from Beijing. (Photo by Manan VATSYAYANA / AFP)

HONG KONG: China has deployed a three-pronged strategy to suffocate pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong — propaganda, economic leverage and intimidation. Here is a look at Beijing’s efforts so far to squash a movement that has refused to die. As protests erupted in June, discussion inside authoritarian China was muted, censored on social media or played down on state outlets.

But as chaos unfurled across Hong Kong, Beijing changed tack seeking to shape the narrative in its favour. After a tense airport siege, which saw protesters assault two Chinese nationals accused of being “spies”, Beijing ramped up the rhetoric saying protesters were guilty of “terrorist-like actions”.

Inside China’s “Great Firewall”, where Facebook and Twitter are banned and information controlled, Hong Kong’s protests are now being portrayed as a largely violent, foreign-funded plot to destabilise the motherland. But recasting the protesters as a rabble rather than a movement with legitimate concerns over China’s influence over Hong Kong, is not just for domestic consumption.

On Monday American techgiants Twitter and Facebook said they had suspended nearly 1,000 active accounts linked to a social media campaign emanating from China and aimed at undercutting the legitimacy of the Hong Kong protest movement.

Twitter said it had shut down a further 200,000 accounts before they could inflict any damage. Chinese ambassadors have hit global television networks to decry the protesters. Meanwhile, editorials in Chinese newspapers this week gave a glowing spin to vague allusions by Hong Kong’s beleaguered leader to engage in a dialogue with the movement – words widely criticised as empty inside the city.

The world’s second-largest economy has also used its economic might to try to drain support for the protests, rattling businesses across Hong Kong, a freewheeling financial hub. Most prominently, Hong Kong airline Cathay Pacific faced censure after some of its 27,000 strong workforce joined — or voiced support — for the rallies.

China’s aviation regulator demanded that the airline prevent staff who openly supported protests from working on flights to the mainland or those routed through Chinese airspace. With its share price in freefall, the airline’s CEO resigned last Friday at the end of a torrid week. China’s indignant social media lit up in outrage at the airline – the hashtag #boycottcathaypacificairline has racked up tens of millions of views.

Analysts say the incident sent a shudder through Hong Kong corporations, most of whom have major business ties with China. A Taiwanese bubble tea franchise and a popular Japanese sports drink have also felt online fury, while the so-called ‘Big Four’ accounting firms in Hong Kong have been hammered for a perceived failure to take to task employees who crowdfunded an ad in support of the protests.

Beijing has also enlisted proChina tycoons in Hong Kong as part of efforts to control local opinion. Hundreds of pro-Beijing business figures and lawmakers signed an open letter supporting Carrie Lam and her embattled government published on the front page of a pro-Beijing newspaper. – AFP